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  • Nelson Guedes

The True Nature of Matter

Matter as a Relative Concentration of Space



I have been thinking about this subject for several years and I have been working on a more definite formal theory that could prove those ideas. Unfortunately, this project has proven to be quite time consuming and, as I am occupied with other matters at the moment, it is unlikely that I will be able to formalize this theory any time soon. Instead of leaving these ideas in my mind, I thought that perhaps, for now, I could share some of them. For now, I will informally propose these ideas and, hopefully, sometime in the future, I will be able to finish formalizing them into a theory.


When we think about matter, we think about something that is “solid” and that exists within a given space. We think of space as a container that allows matter to occupy it. I would like to propose a different understanding of space and matter where matter is just a concentration of space. Suppose, for instance, you have a certain amount of ice in a freezer. The ice occupies a certain amount of space. When you put the ice on a pot, at room temperature, it slowly melts, turning into liquid water. As it turns into liquid water, the water molecules become less close together, they spread out and thus occupy more space. They also become more energetic, moving faster than in the solid state. We can then turn on the element and heat the pot. As the pot heats up, the temperature is transferred to the water in the pot, causing the water molecules to become more energetic. As it becomes more energetic, the molecules become farther apart, thus entering a gaseous state. This entire process should give us a clue on the nature of matter itself. As matter becomes farther apart, we can perceive less of it. Air appears to be an empty space, despite there being molecules in it. What we perceive as matter is just a concentration of space.


When we look at two different objects, what we see are two different concentrations of space in relation to one another. The greater the concentration of space the denser it is and the heavier it is. Two different objects that are perceived to be of the same size but have different weights, in fact, have two different concentrations of space. The object that weighs more has more space in it. We see this clearly when we compare stars with black holes. A black hole can have the size of the sun but weight a lot more. The reason why it weighs more is that it has a greater concentration of space within the same size of space. Space is not simply “warped”, there is more space within it. That space came from the large concentration of matter which “fell” into the black hole. Since matter is a concentration of space, we can thus conclude that the black hole has more space within it because more space “fell” within it, causing an increase in the concentration of space.


In this model, energy can be understood as a flow of space over time, like a wind. Just like the wind is the air that flows over time from one relative location to another, energy is space that flows from one location to another over time. The more energy flows and the faster it flows relative to the space around it, the more energetic it appears. Energy can thus be understood as the flow of concentrations of space relative to one another. It is important to note that time itself can be understood in spatial terms, as a fourth spatial dimension. From a “3-dimensional” perspective, space is static. From a “4-dimensional” perspective, time is just another sliver of 3-dimensional space, one which is not accessible from another “3-dimensional” space. We are surrounded by 4-dimensional space but we can’t perceive it because we don’t have the capacity to perceive that information. The way we perceive time is closely tied to how fast we can perceive it. And how fast we can perceive it is closely tied to how much energy our brain is consuming when perceiving. Thus, there are times when we perceive time faster or slower, depending on how much energy we are using in the process of perception. There is a very clear and intimate connection between time and energy.


Finally, I would like to highlight the idea that space is not a container. There is no set size to space, it is a continuum. We can divide it indefinitely because it doesn’t have a set size. What we perceive as “space” is merely a relation between the position of different objects. The objects, themselves, are composed of smaller objects which exist in relation to one another. When we look at an object, most of the object is “empty” space even though the object appears to be “solid”. There is no true “size” to anything, the size of an object is merely relative to the size of another. There is no absolute measure because space is a continuum, it doesn’t have a definite size like the notion of a “container”. What we perceive, then, is the relative distance between objects and their relative size in comparison to one another. We can only define space and size as relational concepts, not absolute ones. The same is true to the weight of different objects. The more space is “warped” within a space relative to another, the heavier that space is. Thus, the entire universe, from the smallest particles to the largest black holes and galaxies can be defined in terms of relative concentrations of space.

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